Abortion laws and ethical consideration

Subject: Health Care
Type: Synthesis Essay
Pages: 2
Word count: 558
Topics: Abortion, Ethics, Human Rights, Social Issues, Women Rights


Abortion is mainly based on health care procedure. It is basically a complex system of federal and local laws which is controlled by state government. In California, reproductive health problems are there. Several laws are related to health issues and absorption, governed by state. Women have statutory and constitutional right in California. As per Reproductive Privacy Act, women have the right of abortion also.

Research question

What are the abortion laws and rights of women as per Reproductive Privacy act in California?

Aim and objectives

The aim and objective is to analyze the abortion laws and ethical consideration in California. There are women safety and right as per state laws (Banna, Kaiser, Drake and Townsend, 2012). The aim is to provide a medical treatments and conditions in order to help abortion methods and procedures, medical books, chances of clinic practices, instruments and other materials.


Historical overview

Abortion is a legally authorized under California’s laws. In 1967, pregnancy was determined without physician and it was very risky and there was a chance of death (Upadhyay, Brown, Sokoloff and Raine, 2012). Therapeutic Abortion Act was applicable in the year of 1972 where abortion happened by a physician in a hospital (Upadhyay, Desai, Zlidar, Weitz, Grossman, Anderson and Taylor, 2015). California’s Supreme Court implemented some restrictions about abortion procedure. Right of privacy was violated by these restrictions.  In the year of 1997, the citizens of California took attempt to amend the constitution of abortion notifications. It was a great movement against abortion restrictions. In the year 2003, the Supreme Court replaced Therapeutic Abortion Act and after that abortion treated as legal.

California laws

Health care systems were related to health and safety code, family code, business and process code, penal code, education code, government code, welfare and institutional code. The board of agencies implemented and interpreted the above laws (Boonstra, 2010). There is a chance of health care practices as per California’s law. There are various systems and legal agencies that help to implement the laws. They do not provide medical malpractice, clinic licensure for this purpose.

Abortion Procedure

Abortion is related to termination of a pregnancy except the way of live birth (Weitz, Taylor, Desai, Upadhyay, Waldman, Battistelli, and Drey, 2013). There are several issues in abortion such as right of abortion, risk of life or health, fetus not viable, pregnancy and viability. In California, a woman’s right of the abortion prior to viability of the fetus (Tiro, Tsui, Bauer, Yamada, Kobrin and Breen, 2012). It is important to protect woman health after viability also. As per U.S laws, abortion is legally authorized. It is applicable where the risk arises for the pregnant woman.

Personal stance of abortion

Abortion is legally authorized in the California but there is not availability of medical malpractice and clinic licensure in this purpose. State government needs to apply for medical malpractice and clinic licensure to Supreme Court. It helps to more secure women’s health. There are few cases where abortion is a serious issue about life. State government should be more careful about this.


Abortion is a woman’s health care process which is governed by state. Pregnancy is a reproductive procedure. Viability defines under great beliefs of medical judgment. There are some particular cases where pregnancy is the fetus which is not viable. California government is very conscious about the women rights.

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  1. Banna, J. C., Kaiser, L. L., Drake, C., & Townsend, M. S. (2012). Acculturation, physical activity and television viewing in Hispanic women: findings from the 2005 California Women’s Health Survey. Public health nutrition, 15(02), 198-207.
  2. Boonstra, H. D. (2010). Winning campaign: California’s concerted effort to reduce its teen pregnancy rate. Guttmacher Policy Review, 13(2), 18-24.
  3. Tiro, J. A., Tsui, J., Bauer, H. M., Yamada, E., Kobrin, S., & Breen, N. (2012). Human papillomavirus vaccine use among adolescent girls and young adult women: an analysis of the 2007 California Health Interview Survey. Journal of Women’s Health, 21(6), 656-665.
  4. Upadhyay, U. D., Brown, B. A., Sokoloff, A., & Raine, T. R. (2012). Contraceptive discontinuation and repeat unintended pregnancy within 1 year after an abortion. Contraception, 85(1), 56-62.
  5. Upadhyay, U. D., Desai, S., Zlidar, V., Weitz, T. A., Grossman, D., Anderson, P., & Taylor, D. (2015). Incidence of emergency department visits and complications after abortion. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 125(1), 175-183.
  6. Weitz, T. A., Taylor, D., Desai, S., Upadhyay, U. D., Waldman, J., Battistelli, M. F., and Drey, E. A. (2013). Safety of aspiration abortion performed by nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, and physician assistants under a California legal waiver. American Journal of Public Health, 103(3), 454-461.
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