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Covid-19 Vaccine Effects
The novel coronavirus pandemic has caused immense disruption to our daily lives. The development of a vaccine appears to be the only way to get back to something resembling normalcy finally. The Covid-19 vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. Vaccines are administered to people to help them develop immunity to a specific disease. The story of the Covid-19 vaccine is an essential step in mitigating the effects of the virus and has sparked debates over the advantages and disadvantages it could have. Many individuals have argued the potential benefits and drawbacks of the Covid-19 vaccine based on its effects on public health, economic activity, and personal safety. Therefore, there are certainly advantages and disadvantages of the Covid-19 vaccine.
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Advantages of Covid-19 Vaccine
As the virus spreads, a vaccine’s availability can help mitigate its effects and reduce the burden on healthcare systems (World Health Organization, 2020). One of the Covid-19 vaccine’s primary advantages is its potential to affect public health outcomes positively. The vaccine is highly effective in preventing severe illness from the virus, and its widespread use could help reduce infections and hospitalizations. In addition, the vaccine can provide immunity to those who have already been infected, reducing the chance of them becoming ill again and spreading the virus. Such could be especially beneficial in areas already experiencing high transmission levels, as it could help slow the spread of the virus and decrease the likelihood of a second wave.
The development of a vaccine could also have significant economic benefits. The widespread use of the vaccine can help to reduce the disruptions caused by the virus, allowing businesses to reopen and people to return to work. Such can help boost economic activity and reduce the financial hardship caused by the pandemic (Hank, 2021). In addition, developing the vaccine could lead to new economic opportunities, such as the production of the vaccine itself, which can help to create jobs and help to stimulate the economy (Wang et al., 2020). Finally, the vaccine can provide a sense of safety and security to individuals, as it can help to reduce their risk of becoming infected with the virus. It can give people more freedom to go about their daily lives without worrying about the risk of infection (Hank, 2021). Such can be especially beneficial for those who are at higher risk of contracting the virus, such as healthcare workers and the elderly, as it could reduce the chance of them becoming ill.
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Disadvantages of Covid-19 Vaccine
Despite these potential advantages, some potential drawbacks to the widespread use of the vaccine should be considered. One concern is the potential for side effects. Although the vaccine has been proven safe and effective, some risks are still associated with its use (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). In particular, there is the potential for allergic reactions to occur and for the vaccine to interact adversely with other medications. Additionally, the vaccine is not 100% effective, meaning there is still a slight risk of becoming infected with the virus even after receiving the vaccine.
Another potential drawback is the potential for the virus to develop resistance to the vaccine. Although the vaccine is highly effective, there is still a risk that the virus can mutate and become resistant to the vaccine (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). If this occurs, the virus can become more challenging to treat and lead to more severe illness. Additionally, the vaccine may not be effective in specific populations, such as those with a weakened immune system. Such could lead to suboptimal protection and put those individuals at risk of infection.
Also, such instances can lead to individuals who may not need it receiving the vaccine and could lead to a vaccine shortage for those who need it. In particular, there is the potential for the vaccine to be given to individuals who may not need it, such as those not at high risk of becoming infected with the virus (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). Additionally, there is the potential for the vaccine to be used as a form of discrimination, as certain groups may be denied access to it for various reasons. Finally, there is the potential for the widespread use of the vaccine to lead to ethical and legal issues.
Conclusively, the advantages of the Covid-19 vaccine outweigh the disadvantages. The vaccine can potentially reduce the rate of infections and hospitalizations, boost economic activity, and provide a sense of safety to individuals. However, it is essential to be mindful of the potential drawbacks when considering its widespread use, such as possible side effects, the risk of the virus developing resistance, and the potential for ethical and legal issues. Overall, the availability of the vaccine is an essential step in mitigating the effects of the virus, and its widespread use could help bring us back to something resembling normalcy.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, March 15). Covid-19 vaccines. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/index.html
- Hank, M. (2021, March 9). What are the side effects of the Covid-19 vaccine? https://www.webmd.com/vaccines/covid-19-vaccine-side-effects#1
- Wang, J., Peng, Y., Xu, H., Cui, Z., & Williams, R. O. (2020). The Covid-19 vaccine race: Challenges and opportunities in vaccine formulation. AAPS PharmSciTech, 21(6), 1-12.
- World Health Organization. (2020, December 18). Vaccines for Covid-19: Progress and considerations. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/vaccines-for-covid-19-progress-and-considerations