Comparing Ancient and Classical Art Assignment

Subject: Art
Type: Expository Essay
Pages: 3
Word count: 751
Topics: Art Comparison, Architecture, Art History


Classical and ancient art portrays the same eras created at different times in history. Old age, which is the original period is recognized by the approaches applied in coming up with the pieces. The art was mainly focused on painting considering the sculptures and architectural creation (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-2015). 

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Part 1: Two works of architecture to compare

Kinkaku-Ji temple architecture and Gyeongbokgung Palace

This type of architecture was developed as the structure of Golden Pavilion. Also, it was created to serve as the historic site, and its ground has a three-story building. On the other hand, Gyeongbokgung Palace architecture is the type of palace in the dynasty of Joseon, and it was built in 1395 (Young, Young, & Tan, 2004). The architecture continued to serve as the core palace until the Imjin war erupted. In regards to their similarities, they both serve as a place of attracting tourists. For the case of Gyeongbokgung architecture, it was turned into a national museum within its premises after being destroyed by Imji War. On the other hand, Kinkaku-Ji temple is considered as the famous structure in Japan attracting more visitors. However, they are different considering their design details (Young, Young, & Tan, 2004). Kinkaku-Ji consist of three-story building and the top two are covered with gold leaf mixed with animal sculptures and balustrades. Gyeongbokgung is a two-story building and a well-designed rooftop.  Furthermore, its pattern was culturally made to act as a palace.

Part 2: Two different civilizations, and their representative work of art.

In this case, Egyptian faience represent Ancient Egyptian civilization, and Funerary vase represent classical Greece.

Egyptian faience

In regards to Egyptian faience visual description, this type of art was created from chemicals, ceramic and sand making it have different colors. It was created to be part of the tomb devices to indicate how the deceased was wealthy. Its dimensions included height 14.5 cm and were created in 945 BC (Egypt) (Nicholson, & Shaw, 2000). Also, Tuna el-Gebel region, which is in Middle Egypt is considered to be its geographical location, and the artist behind this device is William Faience (Nicholson, & Shaw, 2000).

Funerary vase

In regards to the visual description of Funerary pottery, it has a diameter of 108.25 cm and a height of 42 5/8 inches, and it is purely ceramic. Therefore, its story is entirely based on the prosthesis, which was its intended purpose (Williams, 2008). In this case, prosthesis means funeral that portrays the dead laid on a precious high bed placed in a specific house. In any case, prosthesis happens they give room for the relatives to pay their respects as they mourn. Based on this, this type of Vase incorporates Geometric style plus the artistic language. It was created during the 8th century BC, and the artist name is Roger (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-2015). 

Comparing the two works

Basically, in comparison of the two works the only similar element between a Funerary vase and Egyptian faience is the materials they are made of, both are made of ceramics. However, they have many differences. One, their colors are not the same, Funerary vase is red while Egyptian faience consists of more than one color. Moreover, their uses and dimensions (the height and the diameter) are not the same. 

How are the cultural values of the civilizations that created them shown in the works?

For the case of Funerary Vase, the classical Greece culture shows that any person who is dying may be prepared by getting ready prayers and assemblies consisting of family members for purposes of farewell (Williams, 2008). Therefore, various Funerary portray the dead holding the hand of a survivor or even the deceased may be standing.  On the other hand, the Egyptian faience shows how the Egyptians value of materials. That is the reason why the device is the painted is painted using different colors to indicate how they attractive materials and luxurious life. It is known that civilization first arrived in Africa through Egypt. 

How are the works function in the present?

In regards to Funerary Vases and the current world, the work is seen as a military exploit of any dead person. The fact that chariots and hourglass played the insufficient role in the present than earlier bronze, the works has high chances of evoking the traditions and ancestry where the deceased belonged. For the case Egyptian faience, it serves the function of making various jewelry rendering it the luxurious object.

Did you like this sample?
  1. Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2000-2015). the Collection Online. Retrieved from
  2. Nicholson, P. T., & Shaw, I. (2000). Ancient Egyptian materials and technology. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
  3. Williams, J. D. (2008). Introduction to classical rhetoric. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  4. Young, D. E., Young, M., & Tan, H. Y. (2004). Introduction to Japanese architecture. Singapore: Periplus.
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