Genetically Modified Organism Annotated Bibliography

Subject: Nutrition
Type: Annotated Bibliography
Pages: 2
Word count: 542
Topics: Biology, Food, GMO, Microbiology
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Philips, T. (2008).Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Transgenic crops and recombinant DNA technology. Nature Education, 1(1), 213.

In my section of the report, I will be researching on genetically modified organisms. Philip’s book explores the increased genetic engineering on crops .She further looks at the benefits and the risks that have come up from the genetic engineering of crops to the farmers and the users. She looks at the regulations for GMO research development, which we will consider in our conclusion.

Benbrook, C.M. (2012). Impact of genetically modified engineered crops on pesticide use in the US—the first sixteen years. Environmental Sciences Europe, 24(1),

Benbrook’s book looks at the success of the use of genetically engineered crops. He further explores the steps in the research done on the impacts of the use of pesticides on the genetically modified crops, which has led to growth of resistant weeds.  He looks at the impacts of the use of herbicides to the public health. He concludes that the use of herbicides has increased greatly but over reliance on them has brought about increased growth of herbicide resistant crops.

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Gasser, C.S., & Fraley, R. T. (1989). Genetically engineering plants for crop improvement. Science, 244(4910), 1293-1299.

Gasser and Robert explore the process of genetically modifying plants by introduction of new genes and the factors that necessitate the use of genetically engineered plants. He further explores the key advances, which have taken place in the expression and isolation of the gene technology and the applications of the genetic engineering to crop improvement. He concludes by giving a perspective of the future on the genetically engineered crops.

Qaim, M., & Zilberrman, D. (2003). Yield fields effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries. Science, 299(5608), 900-902.

Qaim and Zilberman explain in there book the yields effects of the utilization of genetically modified plants in the emerging nations. They look at the analysis made on these in the different developing countries and show the results. He concludes that the exploit of these genetically modified plants has helped the growers increase yields in India.

Timmons, A. M., Charters, J. W., Burn, D.,Scott, S. E.,Dubbels, S. J.,  …& Wilkinson, M. J. (1996).Risks from transgenic crops Nature (London), 380(6574).

Timmons explores the possible risks, which result from the transgenic movement of the pollen grains following the commercial release of the oilseed rape genetically, modified for tolerance of the glufosinate. He gives the results of this research that the levels of gene flow  expected in the natural environment depend on the proximity of the feral populations. He infers that the ownership of glufosinate forbearance is improbable to affect the endurance of the adjacent populations.

After considering all the above references, it would be appropriate to conclude that the use of genetically modified organisms has brought about both positive and negative effects in the world. It has helped increase the yields to the farmers, which have helped in the provision of food to the populations in the developing countries. Contrarily, long-term use of genetically modified organisms by people may lead to health problems such as cancers. Herbicide resistant weeds have also increased by the utilization of these organisms, which is not good for the farmers.

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