Table of Contents
Approach to care
This section analysis the case of a 76-year-old man who is suffering from persistent congestive heart failure and hence feeling helpless, despondence and hopeless. The condition is coupled with the inability to adhere to the established dietary restrictions and other associated financial challenges. Heart failure incidences are more frequent in elderly individuals, and hence it is expected to be more prevalent as the population ages (Dunbar, Clark, Quinn, Gary, & Kaslow, n.d.). Role functioning, social functioning, and physical functioning affects the individual’s quality of life and thus should be addressed so as to offer appropriate care. Most of the individuals who suffer Heart failure are also faced with financial challenges as well as inability to manage various activities such as polypharmacy. The best approach should constitute providing essential support systems that are in a position assist Mr. P in managing heart failure, develop necessary observance to dietary restrictions and improve individual’s emotional and social wellbeing (Pinã et. al., 2013). Correspondingly, the individuals should be linked to appropriate institutions as well as relevant social programs that are capable of assisting the patient in solving their financial challenges. As well, the complexity of the issues associated with this condition necessitates diverse team approaches involving distinct skills and disciplines. Such approaches include counseling and educating patients. These services ought to be offered by the multidisciplinary team where each professional address specific issue to improve compliance and wellbeing of the patient (Pinã et. al., 2013). Besides, patient-centered care is significant in a way that individual and diverse patient needs are adequately addressed.
The treatment plan should be efficient and well planned in a way that it will address various complex issues associated with heart failure. Consistent physical activities such as riding, walking, and other effective bodily exercises are significant in checking and testing the function and strength of the heart. However, enough rest especially after meals, exercises or various events is significant because the heart gets enough rest. Specialists and diverse team of experts should also train the patient to understand and adhere to the limitations that are associated with heart failure. Moreover, various activities such as yoga, Tai Chi, chair exercises and deciphering crossword puzzle are very significant part of the treatment plan (Dunbar, Clark, Quinn, Gary, & Kaslow, n.d.). It is also important for the patient to take medicines according to the physician’s prescription. Similarly, planning and scheduling prescription refills and as well as carrying such medicines at any given time is an expedient part of the treatment plan. The patient should also weigh themselves regularly to find out whether they are retaining the right level of fluid that has been recommended. The outcomes and changes that may be encountered should be discussed with the caregiver and the doctor in such a way that necessary feedback, assistance, and recommendations are provided (Pinã et. al., 2013). Essentially, regular checks ought to be conducted such that deviations are noted and addressed. Taking food with low sodium, ensuring low cholesterol intake in the diet as well as daily monitoring of the symptoms can assist reduce the severity of the condition. At the same time, inability to adhere to required dietary restrictions can be addressed by ensuring that a dietician supervises the patient. However, necessary guidance, counseling, and offering of relevant information are more valuable because the patient will learn to adhere to the agreed restrictions (Pinã et. al., 2013). Treatment plan plans should also involve restrictions such as excessive consumption of alcohol, excessive salt intake, smoking and other practices that may interfere with the individual’s health.
Method to provide the patient and family with education
The method used in providing necessary education to the patient and family is significant because it can hinder an effective recovery process. It has already been established that the patient should be handled by a multidisciplinary team consisting of relevant knowledge, skills, and expertise to assist the patient suffering from heart failure (SERVIER, 2017). Consequently, the method should not only be inclusive but considerably rich, miscellaneous and assorted. At the same time, educating families and patient requires the use of print, verbal instructions, brochures, demonstrations, online resources, audio-visuals and other relevant teaching methods that can promote understanding, capture individual’s interest and facilitate retention (Marcus, 2014). Nevertheless, the methods that are to be used should be prepared in such a way that they can solve potential challenges regarding memory and other learning disorders. Simultaneously, educating the family as well as the patient is a gradual and systematic process which not only facilitate memory but cultivate interest to the patient and family members. Learning styles, culture and literacy level is significant because it promotes the application of flawless communication that values people and respects individual differences. Additionally, the process should be devoid of communication barriers (SERVIER, 2017). There should be pertinent and apposite methods of assessment aimed at promoting understanding, retention, and application of learned skills. The method used should also consider the patient and family preferences as well as combine diverse strategies to make teaching and learning experience enjoyable and captivating.
Hello Mr. P, I am happy to meet you today. We are going to deliberate together and develop one of the most effective plans that will help you become much better. I am looking forward to your valuable contributions, and please be free to ask for any clarification from me. Mr. P, I value your feedback and opinion because you are very resourceful and thus I would like to learn more from you too. You are having a manageable condition because your heart is slightly weak (SERVIER, 2017). As a result, the body may not be able to receive the appropriate nutrient and oxygen that is required for effective functioning. Although there is the accumulation of water in the body, it will easily be eliminated with the help of the carefully approved medication that the doctor will prescribe to you. This medicine will assist you in managing this condition, and thus it is necessary that take them as the doctor has prescribed. The medication is so important that it will work effectively thus prolonging your life because it will help you maintain low blood pressure and strengthen your heart (Marcus, 2014). At the same time, you have been taking medicine so that you can maintain normal blood pressure. I would you and other family members to ensure that substances that can prevent you to walk freely in the house as well as other unsafe objects that can be found in the house to be eliminated from the house because you may fall. However, it is significant to follow the following recommendations because it will help your body to respond faster thus enabling you to recover quickly (SERVIER, 2017). Take low-sodium diet, avoid high-fat diets and smoking. I am looking forward to your quick recovery Mr. P.
- Dunbar, S. B., Clark, P. C., Quinn, C., Gary, R. A., & Kaslow, N. J. (n.d.). Family influences on heart failure self-care and outcomes. , 23(3), Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2744587/
- Marcus, C. (2014). Strategies for improving the quality of verbal patient and family education: A review of the literature and creation of the EDUCATE model. , 2(1). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4346059/
- Pinã, I. L., & Madigan, Elizabeth A. (2013). Heart failure: Strategies to improve outcomes. Minneapolis, Minn: Cardiotext Pub.
- SERVIER, L. L. (2017). Education for patients with heart failure: Rationale, evidence, and practical implementation. Retrieved January 26, 2017, from http://www.medicographia.com/2012/02/education-for-patients-with-heart-failure-rationale-evidence-and-practical-implementation/