Myocardial infarction is a condition which happens in the body due to insufficient flow of blood to some portions of the heart destroying heart muscles. It is mostly referred to as (heart attack).
Globally Myocardial infarction has lead to epidemiological transmission. This means that due to industrialization, the rate of death and causes of disability has shifted from nutritional deficiency to and infectious diseases to this chronic disease like myocardial infarction. In a given period of time different countries in the world have different levels of epidemiological transmission. For example in India approximately 14% of the total deaths of the whole country were caused by myocardial infarction, and the number was expected to rise between 1985-2015. In brief some of the risk factors of myocardial infarction include; smoking, obesity, lack of physical exercises, high level of stress and air pollution. In northern America and Europe due to experiencing seasons of very low temperature lack of exercise can increase the rate of the disease. China being technological country imitations of poisonous gases like carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide may increase the chances.
Most of the Arabic countries being developing countries and poor the rate epidemiological transmission is very high. However in some of the developed countries like in northern America the cases of death at least have reduced of late.
Some of the risk factors of myocardial infarction globally include; smoking and according to statistics this is the leading cause of the disease taking 36% of the total. Obesity takes the second highest count of the possible causes of the diseases with 20%. Lack of exercise also counts in the causes as it constitute to 7-12% of the risk factors. Other less causes; high level of stress, 3% also air pollution is a cause due to the presence of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and other harmful gases in the air.
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