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Neuroscience helps people understand human behavior by coming up with reasons related to brain activity and human genealogy in order to explain how and why humans behave the way they do (Cozolino, 34). Neuroscience for instance relates to the study of the human brain and how it reacts to a certain phenomenon or incidents. Neuroscience also covers studies in brain injuries caused by strokes and other related affectations on the brain where possible changes in human behavior can be noted (Cozolino, 1). Brain injury following an accident can lead to amnesia or memory loss, depending on the brain lesion caused by the injury. Neuroscience helps explain why the memory loss or change in behavior may arise from the injury or brain trauma (Cozolino, 12).
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On one stormy night, the electricity suddenly went out. It was 10 pm and pitch black. I was seated on the sofa and was totally unprepared for the power outage. I tried to see through the darkness but could not make out anything. I could however hear the wind howling outside and the rain lashing at the house. I could also hear my dog whimper. These are all sensations. I started to feel around my living room. I put my foot down on the floor and felt my bedroom slipper which I put on. I felt around the edge of my sofa and stretched my hand out to feel the wall. I followed the wall and went towards the direction of the kitchen. I felt through the edge of the counter and my kitchen cabinet reaching inside until I felt through the items and deduced that I was now holding a candle. I felt around inside the cabinet for some matches and finding them, I lit the candle and atleast I now had light. The sensations were in what I felt and what I heard and what I felt led to perceptions or what interpretation I came up with based on what came through my senses (Goldstein & Blockmole, 23). In terms of bottom –up processing, based on the situation I was faced with – that I could not see anything, that there was a storm, that there was no light, what I processed was that the storm caused the power outage (Goldstein & Blockmole, 15). Based on the top-down processing, the goal which came to mind was for me to find light, specifically, to get to the candle that was in my kitchen so that I could have light. I used my senses to get to the kitchen, acting on what I could sense and then acting on it until I reached my goal (Goldstein & Blockmole, 22).
What I have learned from the video about intelligence is that, intelligence can significantly be a product of one’s environment and how one is taught and guided at a very young age. A child or infant is born with a potential for intelligence already, but such potential would not come into greater fruition without the proper guidance and stimulation (Gopnik). Language is also within this line of learning and that as long as the learning is constant, a child’s potential for language can be limitless (Gopnik). This is the same with problem-solving. Problem-solving is often based on how adults guide a child into the realm of learning and solving (Gopnik).
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What I do to relieve stress is to sleep, sometimes take a break, and take a walk alone. I am not good at all in avoiding getting stressed because I sometimes create situations where I would get stressed. I tend to procrastinate and I am a worry-wart. As a result, I often deal with a lot of stress most times. However, my methods of de-stressing can be relatively effective. Taking a break for a few hours, taking a walk alone usually helps a lot in relieving stress (Lewis & Bonner, 77). Sleeping also helps me relax and rest, and consequently, helps relieve stress.
- Cozolino, Louis. The Neuroscience of Human Relationships: Attachment and the Developing
- Social Brain (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology). New York: WW Norton & Company, 2014.
- Goldstein, E. Bruce, and James Brockmole. Sensation and perception. New York: Cengage Learning, 2016.
- Gopnik, Alison, ‘Alison Gopnik: What do babies think?’ (2011). TED.
- Lewis, Sharon L., and Peter N. Bonner. “Stress and stress management.” Medical-Surgical
- Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, Single Volume (2016): 77.