Table of Contents
The issue of a migration policy in France has highly been influenced to the modern day by past colonialism and the norm of selecting foreign employees. Generally, there has been an increase in immigration in the past centuries. Developing an immigration policy has been seminal in occasioning a myriad of achievements in the economic arena (Payne and Nassar, 2015 pg. 253). However, immigration into France can be said to cause social problems. France has in the past had a very long history in relation to immigration. Most immigrants came to France as early as 18th and the 19th centuries due to industrialization and the reduction in birth rate which led to a shortage in human capital (Sáez, 2013 pg. 90). The purpose of this report is to conduct a spot check on the immigration policy in France and how the policies affect the success of France. The report will consider the economic, social and humanitarian factors and the way they affect immigration policies.
France enjoys a good standing in a number of measures when weighed against other countries in the region. The country ranks high in civic engagement, work-life balance so as personal security. Money is an essential means of attaining happiness in most households in France. The average household income per capita amounts to 29759 dollars per annum(OECD, 2013 pg. 16). However, there exists a huge gap between the richest and poorest individual because about 20% of the top population is paid up to five times as much when compared to the bottom tier 20 % (Milanovic, 2010 pg. 88). In relation to employment, about sixty four percent of the population aged between 15 and 65 has a paid employment (Velluti, 2016 pg. 65). About 65% of men have paid jobs when weighed against 60 % of women (Fagan et al., 2015 pg. 60). Good education levels as well as expertise are significant requirements of obtaining working opportunities. Three-fourths of adults in the age bracket of 24-65 have completed upper secondary education.
In addition, the immigration policy has highly taken a deterrent direction in France. Just like other states within the European stretch, there have been efforts to address immigration policies with a view of increasing the benefits to economic development. In lieu of the aforesaid, the increased control of immigrants as well as the inclusion of second and third generations is a representation of the issues of immigration policies in France and in the times to come (Gold and Nawyn, 2013 pg. 350).
In France, the immigration policy is tightening. It is working towards forming a worldwide set of immigration policies. The irony of the stringent immigration regulations is that the economic position of France demonstrates an increasing need for a foreign labor force. In the past, France’s reaction to labor shortages has been importing labor (Governance, 2014 pg. 64). Currently, the response to labor shortages is the same but rather limited and hostile. In a way the country is welcoming the immigrants to take up the unskilled work such as cleaning, security as well as agriculture which are often looked down upon by the French citizens.
Factors affecting immigration policies
Migration leads to social as well as economic issues in many countries (Bansak et al., 2015 pg. 306). However, the profile of migrant populations differs by a large extent. Immigration therefore has significant effects on the society and is a factor that has the propensity of being controversial. The economic effect of immigration is not an exception. The question is whether immigrants create a benefit or are a burden to France. In order to address this issue, it is prudent to look at the economic, social as well as humanitarian factors (Martin et al., 2014).
Immigration policies have an influence on the economic, social and humanitarian factors. The influence of the policies can either be negative or affirmative. In an attempt to upset social peace, the policies of migration need to be accompanied by successful inclusion into the states that host them. Technically skilled immigrants add up to the development of economy. On the other hand unemployment has adverse effects to the economy of France. It leads to social problems so as threatening the internal security.
In relation to the social aspect, the immigrants contribute taxes so as the social contributions as compared to the benefits they receive. It increases the working age population. Also, the immigrants come with expertise which adds on to human capital development of the host countries. The France immigration policies per se have been less stringent for the exceptional categories of people who migrate to the country due to humanitarian issues like political issues or religious factors (Fassin, 2012 pg. 3). The French government extends political asylum to encompass humanitarian claims that are informed by health requirements as opposed to political reasons. In the fall of 1990s, after the end of the cold war, the government of France has been seen to come up with stringent laws to keep its national and economic security abreast (Adolino and Blake, 2010). Consequently, a number of immigrants seeking asylum have been rejected. The country delves into new practices which concentrate on claims founded on health. The immigrants therefore, need to show that their main reason for migration is premised on the fact that their medical condition could net be dealt with in their cradle country(Ticktin, 2011 pg. 45). This type of immigration is beneficial since it creates market for the hospital facility in France.
Essentially, the number of immigrants benefiting from political asylum has largely decreased due to the strict policies. The legitimacy of a suffering individual has become greater than those of people seeking asylum due to political or religious reasons (Fassin, 2012 pg. 3). Thus, the right to life is slowly getting displaced from the political arena with compassion. This is beneficial to the immigrant but a distress to the country since they are not productive to give it an economic value (Bailey, 2010 pg. 279).
Developing an immigration policy in France has been significant in causing numerous economic milestones. However, immigration into France has also caused many social problems including but not limited to housing issues. The stringent immigration policies have been sentimental in stabilizing the economic position of France. From the statistics available, it easy to indicate that the immigration policies demonstrate an increasing need for a foreign labor force. In the past, France’s reaction to labor shortages has been importing labor. As we speak, the response to labor shortages is the same but rather limited and hostile. Therefore, the country is welcoming the immigrants to take up the unskilled work such as cleaning, security as well as agriculture which are often looked down upon by the French citizens. The paper delved into addressing the economic, social as well as humanitarian aspects of coming up with immigration policies in France. It is indeed clear that for a country to benefit, the economic factors need to be addressed. The economic factors are the best indicators to be looked into when coming up with an immigration policy.
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