Table of Contents
The knee injury is especially visible in case of sports essentially softball and baseball. Preseason injuries are one of the prime cases that affect the players rather than the in-season and post season rates. The chances of injuries in lower extremity are greater while stretching and sliding for an extra run (Shanginaw, 2014).
Knee sprain diagnosis consists of several viewpoints, which emphasizes the depth of injury and for significantly checking the medical history and reports of the primary physical examination. Inflammation, proliferation, and repair phase can be observed, where patients can narrate the intensity of the pain and the symptoms essentially as swelling, shiftiness, locking, giving away. Sharp pain can be associated with a dull ache, cartilage tern, inflammation, and tendon friction. X-ray and MRI report, therefore, help in understanding the medical imaging bone fracture and injuries related to the soft tissue of the patient (Cole, 2016).
The case of 14-year-old softball player is an example of a mechanical block that is possibly caused by a meniscal cartilage tear or the loose-fitting of cartilage which is stuck between the tibia and femur bones (Cardiff Sports Orthopaedics, 2011). Inflammation, proliferation, and repair phase are the three different cases of injuries, which can be diagnosed with varied procedures. Femur fractures allow history questions that are linked to minimal trauma and overuse. Evaluation of traumatic events and alleviating factors are the clear indicators that the pain will spread to other areas of the patient’s body. Femur fracture is evident in cases of heavy weight lifting, gross deformity due to swelling, bone injuries correlated to ipsilateral femoral neck fracture, tibial shaft fractures, and the expansion of distal femur (Romeo, 2015).
Knee injuries in women at adolescent age are a victim of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) as it is related to the sports predominantly as handball, football, and basketball (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). ). Inflammation, proliferation, and repair phase in Tibia shaft fracture can also be examined through the symptoms such as the inability to tolerate weight on the injured leg, constant deformity, and unsteadiness, protruding bone from the area of skin break, loss of sensation in the injury area. Medical history can be ascertained through proper supervision of a doctor or the report that is a clear exemplar of situations allied with swelling, contusions, shortening or angulations of the leg, bony prominences, and the exact degree of incomplete fracture (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2010). The reasons behind the athletic injury can be a collection of factors regarding young age, playing style, skill, preparation and whether it is extrinsic, intrinsic or both in nature (Ireland, 1999).
The determinant factors of knee injury comprise augmented trunk displacement to react with trunk force discharge due to lowered neuromuscular control that ignites dynamic stability in joints of the knee of athletes performing high-speed sports (Zazuluk, Hewett, Reeves, Goldberg & Cholewicki, 2017). I have in this context studied that the palpitation points near heels and lumbar spine, and near the lower extremity that can be worsened in primary cases. Patellar tilt and glide can also be referred to the patient as patellar tilt describing tensions of lateral restraints (Rossi, Dettoni, Bruzzone, Cottino, D’Elicio, & Bonasia, 2011).
Softball is a game, which has thoroughly reported problems of a knee injury in cases of adolescent women. This is one of the delicate cases that have propositions of grievous injury. The role of a rehabilitation center in this case is to facilitate her with the best treatment procedure after judging the situation with proper medical report history and various diagnostic measures.
- American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, (2010). Tibia (shinbone) shaft fractures. Retrieved from http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00522
- Bahr, R & Krosshaug, T. (2005). Understanding injury mechanisms: a key component of preventing injuries in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(6), 324-329.
- Cardiff Sports Orthopaedics, (2011). Knee symptom. Retrieved from http://www.cardiffsportsorthopaedics.co.uk/knee-symptoms-1/
- Cole, J. D. (2016). Getting an accurate knee sprain diagnosis. Retrieved from https://www.sports-health.com/sports-injuries/knee-injuries/getting-accurate-knee-sprain-diagnosis
- Ireland, M. L. (1999). Anterior cruciate ligament injury in female athletes: Epidemiology. Journal of Athletic Training, 34(2), 150-154.
- Romeo, N. M. (2015). Femur injuries and fractures clinical presentation. Retrieved from https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/90779-clinical#b1
- Rossi, R., Dettoni, F., Bruzzone, M., Cottino,U., D’Elicio, D. G. & Bonasia, D. E. (2011). Clinical examination of the knee: know your tools for diagnosis of knee injuries. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol, 3(25).
- Shanginaw, J. (2014).Common softball injuries and recommended treatments. Retrieved from http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/sportsdoc/Common-softball-injuries-and-recommended-treatments.html
- Zazuluk, B. T., Hewett, T. E., Reeves, N. P., Goldberg, B. & Cholewicki, J. (2017). Deficits in neuromuscular control of the trunk predict knee injury risk: A prospective biomedical-epidemiologic study. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 1-9.