Criminal Trial


Standing order plays a significant role in assisting judges to deliver a verdict or ruling on criminal cases present in the court of law. An individual may learn that he or she has a standing order from the office of clerk after failing to find his or her name on the court’s calendar. The confirmation a standing order in the court of law permits the commence of pretrial proceedings and motions. The judge is requested to pass a verdict on the case. Pretrial is essential in addressing the outstanding subject of contentious and forms the appropriate period to try resolving the case. Pretrial procedures are meant to prevent the conviction of a guiltless defendant or citizen (Scheb, 2012). The law governing pretrial proceedings allows the judge to pass conviction verdict against the defendant after proving his or her guilt beyond any rational distrust—innocence presumption (Whitman, 2008).

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Judge trial

At this stage, the defendant is permitted to choose whether a jury or judge to try his/her case (Ashworth & Redmayne, 2010).

Selection of jury

If the defense chose that his or her case will be tried to a jury, then jury selection is conducted via a process which entails questions and answers (King et al., 2015). Several courts of the state, usually conduct the process using questions from the attorney.

Evidence challenges

The prosecution and defense request the court to exclude or admit some evidence prior to trial—such requests are referred to as motions (Doak, 2005).

Introductory statement

The defense and prosecution make their introductory statements to the jury or judge (Peterson, Sommers, Johnson, & Baskin, 2009). The defense and prosecution are expected to prove their case outline statements.

Examination case-in-principal

The investigator presents his fundamental claim through direct investigation of prosecution witnesses. The prosecutor then conducts cross-examination to witnesses, investigation test, and lastly sentencing (Peterson, Sommers, Johnson, & Baskin, 2009).

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  1. Ashworth, A., & Redmayne, M. (2010). The criminal process. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. Doak, J. (2005). Victims’ rights in criminal trials: prospects for participation. Journal of Law and Society, 32(2), 294-316.
  3. King, N. J., Levine, J. P., Abramson, J. B., Dann, B. M., Diamond, S. S., Finkel, N. J., … & Hans, V. P. (2015). Jury Ethics: Juror Conduct and Jury Dynamics. Routledge.
  4. Peterson, J. L., Sommers, I., Baskin, D., & Johnson, D. (2010). The role and impact of forensic evidence in the criminal justice process. Natl. Inst. Justice.
  5. Scheb, ‎J. M. (2012). Criminal Procedure. Cengage Learning.
  6. Whitman, J. Q. (2008). The origins of reasonable doubt: Theological roots of the criminal trial. New Haven: Yale University Press.
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