Table of Contents
Dietary trends and nutrition, science is important in determining needs of the human body for its optimal functionality (Eat right, 2011). The dietitians focus at micro and civic health nutritionists on macro levels (Food insight, 2011). Furthermore, physiology and psychology are core factors that have altered nutrition roles (Choose my plate, n.d).
Food choices, there has existed the development of food habits over the years basing on presence and gains in both durability and health (Spark People, 2012). Geography plays a role in food choices since it is transported across borders (American Diabetics Association, 2012). Additionally, persuasion stems from sources of food, and society (American Academy of Family Physicians, 2010).
We can do it today.
Food choices: Economics, sources of malnutrition and hunger comprise of unemployment, and unavailable contact to resources (Drewnowski & Damon, 2005). Those at high risk of malnutrition and hunger include low income women and the homeless (Nestle Nutrition Institute, n.d). Additionally, malnutrition effects consist of weak immune functionality, and limited energy (Oregon State University Extension, 2012).
Food choices: Foodborne illnesses, food poisoning, and food infection are sicknesses resulting from the availability of toxins in food and organisms (Center for Disease Control, 2012). These are prevented through the application of thorough hygiene application (Center for Disease Control, 2012). Furthermore, raw food is best handled while in proper refrigeration for storage (US National, Library of Medicine, 2012).
Genetically engineered foods, these are plants whose genetic characteristic has been scientifically distorted through the use of fresh genetic substances (Natural News Network, 2008). The Food and Drug Administration is the primary regulator of new foods and additives (Biotechnology Industry Organization, n.d). Risks of biotechnology includes allergens between non-genetically and genetically tailored foods (Bionet, n.d).
The organic food movement gives additional financial stability compared to traditional farming methods (Environment Working Group, 2012). Consumers are confident of unswerving standards for produced, certified and processed goods by the National Organic Program Act (Organic Trade Association, 2012). Furthermore, organic farming practice details the use of green manure, and crop rotation (Organic Trade Association, 2012).
Global food markets, this shows the sluggish food pressure group of Petrini’s objective intended to educate consumers on the options beyond establishments for instance fast food (Slow Food Columbus, 2012). The “McWorld” cultural advertising is the most consumerist and homogenous culture created by economic globalization (International Monetary Fund, 2008). Additionally, oversea food markets have been openly impacted by the fast food industry through obesity (Health Education Service, 2012).
Contemporary weight loss programs, obesity treatment presently has six medications, which include phenteramine, diethylpropion, phendimetrazine, benzphetamine plus sibutramine and orlistat for short term and long term use (Spark People, 2012). Patients diagnosed with obesity should possess a BMI of over 40 to access surgery (Mayo Foundation, 2012). Additionally, complementary medicine weight reduction is the only option besides medication and surgery (Center for Medical Weight Loss, 2012).
The diversity of food choices, healthy diets could be satisfied with a collection of different foodstuffs for extra nutrients (FAO, 2010). There are some ethnic and racial groups that are at a high danger of developing specific persistent conditions (USDA, 2012). Furthermore, it is evident that food models have improved due to climatic and agricultural factors (American Society for Nutrition, 2012).
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In the last eight years, there has been a strict follow up of a vegetarian diet. Being a vegetarian implores me to consume plenty of rich greens vegetables, natural fruits, and its juices. Eating alternatives sources of proteins largely minimize intake of excess fats in the diet. In general, my guidelines on a diet align with modern nutrition standards. On the other hand, the primary influence on my physical activities and food preferences are personal commitment to exercise and healthy feeding. It has allowed the adequate loss of weight and its sustenance. Below is the personal nutrition analysis and physical activity report.
The chosen community is the Vietnamese. Dry and crumbled rice is the staple food. The minor quantities of fish and beef, as well as eggs and vegetables, are supplements. The Vietnamese utilize minimal amounts of oil while cooking. They consume fruits for instance mangoes, bananas, and papayas. They also drink minimum quantities of milk whilst drinking vast amounts of coffee without sugar and warm green tea. For breakfast, the Vietnamese have light soup, chicken, green tea, boiled eggs, rice noodles, lean beef slices, and greens. Lunch consists of vegetable dishes, meat, rice and tea. The same food is prepared for dinner but in smaller proportions with snacks consisting of clear soup and fruits.
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- Web site (1). www.eatright.org. The website is supported by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. It renders education and support for its members to achieve the goal of “improving the nation’s health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education and advocacy” (2012). The major aim endow professionals as leaders of nutrition and food for the entire country with the vision of optimizing health by undertaking nutrition. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. (2012). About the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Viewed from http://www.eatrightpro.org/resources/about-us#.UDqKvE8c2ac
- Web site (2). www.Foodinsight.org. The website is supported by the International Food Council Foundation. “is dedicated to communicating science-based information on health, nutrition and food safety for the public good” (2011). Mountjoy, B. (2013). Food safety Resources. Food Insight. Retrieved from http://www.foodinsight.org/Food%20Safety-widget-1
- Web site (3). www.choosemyplate.gov. The website is underwritten by the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion works under the umbrella supervision of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Their major goal is “advance and promote dietary guidelines for all Americans and conduct applied research and analysis in nutrition and consumer economics” (n.d). USDA (n.d). About Us. Viewed from http://www.choosemyplate.gov/about.html
- Essay- The Role of Nutrition Communication in the Age of Health. The essay discussed the responsibility that nutrition experts play in the prevailing battle in reform of healthcare. Food Insight (2011). The Role of Nutrition Communication in the Age of Health. Accessed from http://www.foodinsight.org/Newsletter/Detail.aspx?topic=The_Role_of_Nutrition_Communication_in_the_Age_of_Health_Care_Reform
- Web site (1). www.sparkteen.com. The website is subsidized by the mother organization, SparkPeople.com. It gives a conversational tracking tool as well as an online support community to assist teenagers maintain and acquire healthy feeding and weight sustenance aims. SparkPeople, Inc. (2012). SparkTeens: About Us. Accessed from http://teens.sparkpeople.com/about/index.asp
- Website (2). www.diabetes.org. It is underwritten by the American Diabetes Association. The website has interest in teaching pre-diabetic and diabetic patients on options of healthy eating. American Diabetics Association. (2012). Making Healthy Food Choices. Viewed from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthyfood-choices.html
- Website (3). www.familydoctor.org. The website is subsidized by the American Academy of Family Physicians. It gives a wide range of health data that consists of a finished segment on choices of healthy food. American Academy of Family Physicians. (2010). Nutrition: How to make Healthier Food Choices. Viewed from http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/preventionwellness/food-nutrition/healthy-food-choices/nutrition-how-to-make-healthier-foodchoices.html
- Article-The Ten Commandments of Healthy Eating for Parents. It takes a simple method of assisting parents with recommendations in teaching their children to take healthy eating. Hand, B. (2012). The Ten Commandments of Healthy Eating for Parents: It’s as Simple as Counting to Ten. Accessed from http://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/nutrition_articles.asp?id=444
- Website (1). JN.org. The website is underwritten by American Society for Nutrition. It provides Journal of Nutrition online access. The website also compromises of present research on diversity, nutrition as well as food choice economics. Drewnowski, A., & Damon, N. (2005). Food Choices and Diet Costs: An Economic Analysis. Viewed from http://jn.nutrition.org/content/135/4/900.full
- Website (2). www.nestlenutritioninstitute.org/resources/On-line Conferences. It shares its health presentations basing on various subjects for instance food economics and choices. Nestle Nutrition Institute. (n.d). The Economics of Food Choice Behavior: Why Poverty and Obesity are Linked. Accessed from http://www.nestlenutritioninstitute.org/Resources/Online-
- Website (3). Eat well for Less. The website gives a collection of web based and self-paced study modules that help to overcome challenges of taking charge of the household. The goal of the program is to partake of the important information regarding planning for healthy meals and foods at low costs that are easy, quick to make for last for an extensive period. Oregon State University Extension (2012). Eat Well for Less. Viewed from http://extension.oregonstate.edu/fcd/nutrition/ewfl/index.php
- Essay on Farmers Market Food Finds: Local Produce is Healthier for You and the Planet. It recognizes the merits of purchasing produce from the farmers market from viewpoints of economics and health. SparkPeople Inc. (2012). Framers Market Food Finds: Local Produce is Healthier for You and the Planet. Viewed from http://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/nutrition_articles.asp?id=478
- Website (1). www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden. The CDC website gives a comprehensive statistical number of foodborne illness cases within the US from 1999-2011. The data accessed consists of multi-state outbreak information, education and prevention information and trend data. Center for Disease Control. (2012). Estimates of Foodborne illness in the United States. Viewed from http://www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden/index.html
- Website (2). www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/diseases. The site gives a meticulous compilation of foodborne illnesses. Every illness compiled gives a connection to thorough information plus the visual photographs of the involved organisms. Center for Disease Control. (2012). A-Z Index for Foodborne illness. Accessed from http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/diseases/
- Website (3). www.nlm.nih.gov.medlineplus/foodborneillness. It is under the control of National Institute of Health and Subsidized by National Library of Medicine. The website gives exhaustive data on foodborne illnesses consisting of symptoms, pictures, conditions, data on medical trials and diagnoses. US National Library of Medicine. (2012). Foodborne Illness. Accessed from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/foodborneillness.html
- The article on Foodborne Illnesses: What Consumers Need to Know, the article expounds the background of foodborne diseases, how to store and safely handle food and solutions for contamination. USDA (2011). Foodborne Illnesses: What Consumers Need to Know? Viewed from http://www.fsis.usda.gov/FACTSheets/Foodborne_Illness_What_Consumers_Need_to_Know/index.asp
- Website (1). www.naturalnews.com. It is subsidized by a series of non-profit public educational sites and it purposefully accesses information to final consumers to aid in making significant alterations in their individual health and the environment. Natural News Network. (2008). NaturalNews.com: About Us. Viewed from http://www.naturalnews.com/About.html
- Website (2). www.bio.org. it is under the sponsorship of the Biotechnology Industry Organization which stands as the major advocate and supporter of biotechnology. The website comprises of data on clinical samplings and research outcomes about genetic engineering. Biotechnology Industry Organization (n.d). About BIO. Viewed from http://www.bio.org/articles/about-bio
- Website (3). www.bionetonline.org. The website is a coordination of both museums and eight European Scientific centers. It comprises of a part title Future Foods with its explorations in genetically altered foods in user friendly formats inclusive of questions to check customer awareness. Bionet. (n.d). What is it About? Viewed from http://www.bionetonline.org/english/Content/ff_intro.htm
- The article is about Biotechnology information series: Regulation of genetically engineered organisms and products. It discussed government control procedure of genetically engineered merchandize. Webber, G. (1995). Biotechnology information series: Regulation of genetically engineered organisms and products. Accessed from www.biotech.iastate.edu/biotech_info_series/bio11.html#anchor98937
- Website (1). www.ewg.org. The website wishes to utilize public information in order to protect health and it is supported by an Environmental Working Group. The yearly Clean Fifteen customer output and Dirty Dozen purchase guides. Environmental Working Group. (2012). About the Environmental Working Group. Accessed from http://ewg.org/about
- Website (2). www.organicconsumers.org. The website deals with situations of industrial agriculture, children’s health, food safety and genetic engineering. It is supported by the Association of Organic Consumers. The organizational goals consist of justice, democracy, health and peace. Organic Consumers Association (n.d). About the OCA: Who We Are and What We’re Doing. Retrieved from http://www.organicconsumers.org/aboutus.cfm#top
- Website (3). www.ota.com. The website promotes and protects organic commerce to benefit the environment, economy, farmers and the public. It is under the supported of the Organic Trade Association. Organic Trade Association. (2012). Who We Are. Viewed from http://www.ota.com/about/accomplishments.html
- The essay on Organic production and Food Safety required to uncover the mysteries about individuals that consistently consume organic produce had more chances of suffering from foodborne illness side effects for instance E-coli. Suslow, T. (1999). Organic Produce and Food Safety. Accessed from http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/datastore/234-208.pdf
- Website (1).www.slowfoodcolumbus.org. It is under the operation of Columbus, SlowFoodUSA, OH chapter. The aim is to keep final consumers informed about issues and occurrences regarding supporting and affecting Slow Food group. Slow Food Columbus. (2012). Slow Food Columbus. Accessed from http://slowfoodcolumbus.org/
- Website (2).International Monetary Fund (IMF): Food Price Surges. The website gives information concerning the impacts fluctuating prices of food around the world. International Monetary Fund: Food Price Surges. Accessed from http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2008/pr08156.htm
- Website (3).www.worldhunger.org. The site educates the entire masses as well as target groups regarding the causes and extent of malnutrition and hunger within the US and the globe. World Hunger Education Service. (2012). Hunger Notes: Why are People Hungry? Viewed from http://www.worldhunger.org/us.htm
- The essay deliberated on economic effect of the global fast food commerce regarding matters for instance low wages against high profits. Socialists Alternative. (n.d). The Economics of the Fast Food Industry. Viewed from http://www.socialistalternative.org/publications/fastfood/ch3.html
- Website (1).www.sparkpeople.com. The websites comprises of a wide collection of diet plans, healthy living, interactive tools articles. SparkPeople, Inc (2012). About Us. Accessed from http://www.sparkpeople.com/about/index.asp
- Website (2).www.mayoclinic.com/health/weightloss. The website provides an exhaustive array of information on every weight loss choice. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2012). Prescription Weight Loss Drugs: Can They Help You? Accessed from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/weight-loss/MY00432
- Website (3).www.centerformedicalweightloss.com. The website gives weight loss choices that are supervised medically as well as information. The center for Medical Weight Loss (2012). About Us: CMWL’s individualized weight loss program. Viewed from http://www.centerformedicalweightloss.com/about-us/
- The article discusses the initiation of Qysmia which is a combination of topiramate and phentermine for those with a BMI of over 30 or 27. Health Day. (2012). FDA Approves 2nd New weight Loss. Viewed from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_127324.html
- Website (1).http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/urban_globalization_en.stm–. The website is supported by Food and Agriculture Organization that gives information regarding globalization of effects on both nutrition and security as well as food systems. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2010). Globalization of Food systems and Nutrition. Viewed from http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/urban_globalization_en.stm
- Website (2).http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/dietary-guidance/myplatefood-pyramidresources/ethniccultural-food-pyramids. Cultural/Ethnic Food Pyramids delivers food pyramid data for Canada, Singapore and Asia healthy feeding programs. USDA (2012). Ethnic and Cultural Food Pyramids. Viewed from http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/dietary-guidance/myplatefood-pyramidresources/ethniccultural-food-pyramids
- Website (3).JN.org. The website provides an online entry to the Nutrition Journal and supported by the American Society for Nutrition. American Society for Nutrition (2012). The Journal of Nutrition. Accessed from http://jn.nutrition.org/
- The article about Can the African-American Diet be Made Healthier Without Giving up Culture discussed the matter of the ill impacts of the customary African-American nutrition and diet. The essay aims at finding ways of translating recipes and perception founded on historical preferences. Belle, G (2009). Can the African-American Diet be Made Healthier Without Giving up Culture. Viewed from http://www.york.cuny.edu/academics/writing-program/theyork-scholar-1/volume-5.2-spring-2009/can-the-african-american-diet-be-madehealthier-without-giving-up-culture