Drone UAS Technology

Subject: Technology
Type: Exploratory Essay
Pages: 4
Word count: 1153
Topics: Drones, Innovation

There exists several categories of drones which can be distinguished in terms of types (multirotor, fixed-wing, etc.), the size and weight, the degree of autonomy, and the power source. For the drones loading capacity, maximum flight duration, and cruising range these specifications are very important. Nonetheless, several types of payloads can be distinguished, including dissimilar forms of radars (for example, sniffers, cameras, meteorological sensors) and freight (such as medicine, flyers, mail parcels, and fire extinguishing material). This paper explores advances in personal drones, capabilities DJI inspire drones have, 3D mapping capabilities with drones and how they are taking over jobs in the industry, and FAA regulations.

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Personal drones (or domestic drones or domestic unmanned aerial vehicles {UAVs}) are autonomous aerial vehicles that are equipped with sensors or cameras with the aim of collecting assorted information from an aerial vintage point. With the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) at the moment, making preliminary licenses available to government agencies and law enforcement to make use of personal drones, these drones have over the recent years seen widespread use (University of Washington, 2013). Nevertheless, these drones vary extensively in terms of use and capabilities, from small, semiautonomous, rotorcraft that cost around $1, 0002 up to large, fully-autonomous, fixed wing type aircraft that can cost upwards of $1,000,000.

Nevertheless, one can easily get a personal drone either for fun or work. This drone can be moved with the help of a controller. Today, these drones have advanced. It can come with a camera inside or the user can use a mounting feature to fit a camera into its body. Additionally, contemporary personal drones can work on HD quality, allowing users to have great footage which can be used in businesses for presentations. For instance, the Yuneec Q500 Typhoon Quadcopter features a 1080p 60FPS HD camera. To help with rotating of the camera in different positions, this works with its own gimbal. Also, this personal drone has an ST10 personal ground station, which allows the user to carefully control the drone.

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Other advances can be seen in DJI Phantom Aerial UAV Drone and Parrot AR.Drone 2.0 quadcopter. These personal drone works with a quadcopter arrangement that yields horizontal speeds of up to 22 miles per hour. In other words, the user is able to capture any scene happening in the air. The drone also has an advanced GPS positioning feature which ensures it moves swiftly without being impacted by wind. With the Phantom, a fail-safe feature is included which identifies where the drone took off. This allows the drone to fly back to its starting point if ever it lost the connection to the transmitter. Its GPS feature uses the NAZA-M autopilot system which allows the user to adjust the direction. These drones have also been Wi-Fi enabled an indication they can be controlled by a variety of IOS and android devices (Brands and Schwanen, 2013).

Nevertheless, with many drones been manufactured, the DJI Inspire 2 drones have broken the record. DJI had the first drone ever to integrate a 3600 rotating gimbal, HD video transmission system, 4k camera, and the simplicity of app control –Inspire 1 (DJI, 2017). This drone was further cemented by the launch of the Zenmuse X5 and X5R cameras which allowed the drone to become a critical tool for filmmakers around the world. However, the DJI Inspire2 drone has been improved. Its capabilities are more appealing compared to those of Inspire1. Inspire2 has a new image processing system which records up to 5.2K in cinema DNG Raw and more. In just five seconds, his drone goes from 0 to 50 mph and hits a maximum speed of 94kph. The drone also has a maximum descent speed of 9m/s (DJI, 2017).

DJI Inspire 2 drone as well has a self-heating technology which allows the drone to fly even in low temperatures. Its flight time is prolonged by its dual battery system to a max of 27 minutes (DJI, 2017). In this drone, the flight autonomy is advanced to offer two ways of sensor redundancy and obstacle avoidance. Augmented intellect increases several intelligent flight modes, comprising Spotlight Pro, providing even sole pilots the capability to form multifaceted, histrionic shots. An advanced video transmission system is currently adept of dual signal frequency and dual channel, streaming video from an on-board FPV camera and the core camera instantaneously, for improved pilot and camera operator teamwork (DJI, 2017).

Conversely, DJI Inspire drone is capable of recording video in Apple ProRes and Cinema DNG because its workflow has fully been optimized. This drone also supports FAT32/exFAT*file systems (see below).

The drone is capable of detecting objects which are as far as 30 meters away. It also has a Spotlight Pro – a tracking mode which allows users to capture multifaceted, dramatic images.

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Other drones are 3D mapping largely known as drones for mapping and surveying. These drones have turned out to be the leading technology in establishing topographic surveys. However, 3Dmapping has taken over jobs in the technology industry and surveying industry because the cost of drone hardware and capture reality in recent years has dropped significantly. This has allowed a certain level of insight that is invaluable in given industries like land and resource management, agriculture, mining, construction, or for gathering information which requires to be observed at carefully and habitually. Many companies are opting to these drones because the drones, especially the small ones, are the easiest way of creating topographic surveys of job sites.

Instead of relying on time consuming terrestrial surveys or on expensive aerial LiDAR, companies are relying on drone as they can easily have accurate content which allows them to create accurate point clouds faster. These drones are capable of automatically taking hundreds of images of a given area. Using these images, a 3D mapping drone system is able to construct a 3D point cloud which is then used to yield the same topographic maps, meshes, digital terrain models, and orthophotos that engineers rely on build work and design. Information products which are derived from drones can be used to build, design surfaces, conduct cut/fill analysis, verify earthworks, and compute volumes. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) at the moment makes preliminary licenses available to government agencies and law enforcement to make use of personal drones.

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Thus, in conclusion, this paper has analyzed the advances in personal drones, discussed their capabilities in details, explored DJI Inspire 2 drones and its capabilities, and talked about 3D mapping drones and how FAA regulations are affecting the use of drones. However, the paper found out that communication between the user and the drone and its payload is needed to control the drone. Hence, communication frequency spectrum is important. However, the spectrum usage of drones currently can only be licensed by the FAA on a national basis. Nonetheless, drones continue to advance, and it is expected in the future these drones will become much smaller.

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  1. Brands J & Schwanen T (2013). Experiencing and governing safety in the night-time economy: nurturing the state of being carefree. Emot Space Soc 11, 67–78
  2. Dji (2017). Inspire 2. Retrieved from https://www.dji.com/inspire-2
  3. University of Washington (2013). Domestic Drones: Technical and Policy Issues. Retrieved from https://www.law.washington.edu/clinics/technology/reports/droneslawandpolicy.pdf
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