Financial research report

Subject: Business
Type: Informative Essay
Pages: 9
Word count: 2335
Topics: Accounting, Finance, Investment, Microeconomics


One of the openly merchandised Pharmaceuticals Corporation within the United States of America is called Pharmaceuticals Inc., which has specialized in the biopharmaceutical production. The establishment is dedicated to find out, improve, as well as to improve the commercial gains of drugs made from small molecules that are advantageous in accomplishing efficient treatment of disorders conditions affecting the components of the central nervous system. The up-to-date commitment of the enterprise is in management of induced dysfunction in clients with Parkinson’s syndrome, neuropathic agony, schizophrenia in addition to glaucoma. Entirely firm produce candidates are produced from various innovations prepared at the discovery platform of the firm.

The company is made up of a robust squad with enough industry understanding that is put in practice to help in the improvement of value that will be gained from the company’s merchandises. As their tradition, this squad work as a team with the firm’s first-class methodical and medical consultants who are correspondingly taken on by the firm. This corporation came into existence in the year 1993 and its center of operations is located in San Diego city, at California. The major purpose of this essay is to assess the presentation of this corporation by means of proportion and stock price examination. The monetary declarations for the year coming to an end on 31st December 2012, 2011, as well as 2010 will be applied in this examination. These are comprehensive financial declarations taking cover of the entire economic statements recovered from yahoo finance (Pizzey, 2001).

The Justification used to select the corporation for which to capitalize

Pharmaceuticals Inc was designated for the reason that there is an interesting tendency in the industry. Throughout the previous three years, since 2010 to 2012, the corporation has realized an exciting tendency; this caused it to record a reduced presentation in 2011 and 2012 but then again optimistic outcomes in 2010. This company has emerged to be one of the top in terms of performance within the pharmaceutical productiveness and the fact that it has engaged in dealing with biopharmaceutical merchandises brands it a motivating company to base the study on, within the industry.

Proportion examination

The Proportion examination is applied in commercial analysis by means of the commercial declarations of a corporation. A proportion is fundamentally single entry in the financial statements articulated in relation to another. Proportions/ Ratios might be presented in decimals, sections or a declaration communicating in which way one item correlated with another. These ratios can only bring logic when equated with those produced from a different company for the equivalent period or else for the identical firm in dissimilar periods. How the ratios are interpreted is applied to quantify the level at which the firm has achieved in relation to others otherwise the standards of the industry. In this presentation, the liquidity ratios that are existing ratio, quick ratio, plus cash ratio, profitability which is represented by, net profit margin, return on investment and gross profit margin, return on equity, and investors ratios which is earnings on each share, in addition to price earnings ratio.

Liquidity ratios

Liquidity ratios are the proportions that quantify the capability of a company to achieve its short-term liability compulsions. These ratios determine the aptitude of a corporation to settle off its temporary obligations when they fall in arrears. These liquidity ratios come because of apportioning cash and other liquid possessions by the temporary borrowings and present obligations. They indicate how many times the short-term debit compulsions are concealed by the cash and liquid possessions. If the worth is more than one, it shows the temporary debts are fully concealed. In general, the greater the liquidity ratios appear, the greater the boundary of safety that the corporation own to settle its existing liabilities. Liquidity ratios larger than one implies that the corporation is in respectable financial health and it is less expected to fall into financial complications.

Most known examples of liquidity ratios comprise current ratio, decisive test ratio that is also identified as quick ratio, cash ratio plus operational capital ratio. Diverse properties are well thought-out to be pertinent by diverse specialists. Some experts contemplate simply the cash and cash counterparts as pertinent possessions since they are almost certainly to be used to settle short-term obligations in an emergency. Some specialists contemplate the borrowers and trade receivables as pertinent properties in toting to cash and cash equals. Several experts as well consider the worth of account.

Current ratio

The current ratio is the lowest liquid degree of liquidity because it comprises present possessions, the maximum and minimum liquid. It shows the degree to which the corporation is capable to recompense for its existing obligation by means of the obtainable present possessions. The suggested degree of Present possessions is 2, this has a significance that the corporation has ability to settle for existing burdens two times exhausting accessible funds. In the case of ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc. its existing proportion was much beyond the suggested degree since it was higher than 2.0 in the year 2012 it was 18.2495, 2011 was 5.18232, and 2010 was 6.351569. The corporation will consequently have no difficulties involved in settling the temporary arrears encompassing present burdens. This establishment appears to have achieved more good in 2012 as compared to 2011 and 2010. Its existing proportion for 2012 was greater as compared to that of 2011 and 2010. The strength of liquidity of the corporation was consequently advanced in 2012 in comparison to 2011 and 2010.

Quick Ratio

The calculation to find this ratio is the same as that for determining current ratio; the only different is the point that the account is subtracted from present possessions. In ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc., the present proportions for the three consecutive years were similar to the present proportions for the reason that there was lack of an inventory. It provides a perfect image of the condition in which the company is. The ratio must be 1.0 so that the firm liquidity is declared healthy. In ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc., the proportion in 2012 was beyond 1.0. This was to suggest that the funds accessible in the present properties are higher than what is required to settle all existing burdens. The year 2012 stayed healthier as compared to the year 2011 and 2010 the reason being that it recorded a greater ratio than the other years.

The Cash ratio

Cash ratio, which is also referred to as cash asset ratio, is the proportion of a corporation’s money and money comparable properties to its aggregate burdens. The Cash ratio is a modification of quick ratio and designates the degree to which freely obtainable resources can clear off present burdens (Smanonvsky, 2010). Possible creditors utilize this proportion as a degree of a firm’s liquidity. This ratio is the greatest correct because it involves the liquid resources as well as equated with the short period debts of the company. The greater the quick ratio, the tougher is the firm’s degree of liquidity. In ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc., the cash relation for the year 2012 was extreme excessively great. In the two years of 2011 and 2010, the proportion was somewhat beyond the commended level at 1.117437 and 1.149354 for each year correspondingly.

The firm’s robust liquidity displays that the firm is competent to maneuver at no jeopardy of winding up in the short run. Feeble liquidity is an indication to impoverishment. Funding processes is a difficult when the firm is feeble in terms of its liquidity. The corporation ought to carry on stimulating trades to make sure that supplementary liquid resources are obtainable in the corporation and this will rally the cash proportion. The firm must as well look for reductions from dealers to facilitate reducing of the creditors’ claims. Plummeting the debit assortment period will furthermore make certain that there are additional liquid resources in the corporation similarly enlightening the corporation’s liquidity strong suit.

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The Profitability Ratios

These ratios quantify the aptitude that the corporation has to manage well the rate of trades and expenditures to make maintainable incomes. They share mechanisms in the earnings and damage declaration and auctions or income. The existence of the company in the long time is reliant on the degree of cost-effectiveness. It is, and so, authoritative to assess the enactment of effectiveness to make sure that the firm is stirring in the correct way.

Gross Profit boundary

This proportion evaluates the effectiveness of the firm in manufacture of merchandises and services. The level of regulation of price of auctions is very significant in this situation. In ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc., governing of cost of trades was inflexible to quantify for the reason that the corporation did not possess cost of trades for that entire duration of time. It was logged at hundred percent since the economic declarations did not possess the rate of sales. The enactment founded on this size was the equivalent. If the firm is able to govern cost of sales competently, the gross earnings will at all-time be higher, then by addition, the disposable return will go higher than before. This can be upgraded by receiving purveyors of raw constituents with healthier charges.

Net Profit

This proportion is the disposable earnings articulated as a proportion of sales and it determines the aptitude of the company to be in control the funding expenditures. ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc. went to damage in 2011 and 2012. The boundary was undesirable since the costs surpassed the earnings for the twofold periods. On the other hand, the forfeiture was greater in 2011 as compared to 2012. In the year 2010, the firm got an optimistic disposable earnings boundary. Creating remaining forfeiture means that the stockholders will not be remunerated in those two years.

The corporation upgraded and was extra well-organized in regulating the expenditures at a prearranged level of interest degree in 2012 than in 2011. This is a heartening tendency to the stockholders since they have capability to acquire additional earnings in the upcoming years should the tendency come to an end. The expenses should as lower than the gross profit as possible so that it may result to high net profit. To expand on the disposable turnover border, the corporation must try to diminish the expenditures that are suffered in administration the commerce.

Return On investment (ROI)

This ratio indicates the quantity of earnings produced by every single component of entire properties, which have been applied by the firm. ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc. noted down damages in 2012 and 2011 and venture in the overall resources did not produce earnings. Nevertheless, there was enhancement amid 2011 and 2012. This indicates that there existed additional efficacy in making use of entire possessions in 2012 as compared to 2011.  There was a progressive Return on investment rated at 39% meaning that the firm generated 39% of disposable yield from application of whole properties (Stickney, 2010).

Return on Equity (ROE)

This ratio indicates the amount earnings that were generated from employment of the equity capital. In the case of ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc., venture of Equity capital generated undesirable outcomes in 2012 and 2011. Nevertheless, the outcomes of 2010 generated constructive outcomes with ROE estimated at 51%. An upsurge in ROE implies that the firm is acting healthier and Equity capitalized on the proprietors of the firm is well capitalized in fruitful ventures.

Earnings per share (EPS)

It was reported that the Earnings per Share was adverse in 2012 and 2011 which means that it was not reimbursing anything for each share since the returns that can be distributed to mutual stock was undesirable. On the other hand, an improvement was recorded amid 2011 and 2012.

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Price Earnings ratio (P/E Ratio)

The price earnings ratio of the firm possibly will not be calculated for the previous two years of 2012 and 2011. The reason for this was that the firm lacked incomes on the unresolved shares. The corporation must struggle to recover the share charges and the incomes to make sure that the firm has aptitude to pay its stockholders for their venture.

Stock price analysis

The value of shares of ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc. is scrutinized for the identical duration 2010 to 2012 enactments. The charges were extraordinary during the early days of the year but continued to decline to the completion of the year.


The firm presentation was poor between the year 2012 and 2011. On the other hand, the tendency presented for each ration considered signposted that there was typically an advance in the outcomes announced in 2012 equated using those in 2011. The corporation ought to maintain its concentration on approaches, which will help to develop the proportions or else constituents applied to compute the ratios. For example, aimed at liquidity level, the firm needs to put more emphasis on policies that will confirm that the firm liquidity power is thorough.

The ratios demonstrated that the corporation was health founded on the ratios considered. The present possessions need to endure higher than the present burdens for the firm to acquire a healthy level of liquidity. The productivity of the firm as well wants to be assessed well. The productivity proportions failed to provide necessary outcomes for the firm. The firm suffered damages in the duration between 2011 and 2012. This indicates that the corporation was incompetent in regulating its charge of trades and daily expenditures. Nonetheless, there existed an inspiring tendency because there was an advance amid 2011 and 2012.

The outcomes continued to be undesirable but then again an improvement was reported. The essential approaches should be adopted to make certain that the charge of sales and expenditures for the firm are reserved as low as imaginable to expand the productivity proportions (Oppermann, 2009).

The stock charges of the firm recorded a disheartening tendency particularly in 2012. The firm has to preserve its standard in the manufacturing to increase the presentation of the shares, even though the value of shares might be prejudiced by peripheral influences. All measures should be adopted to improve the status of the company.

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  1. Oppermann H. Accounting standards, Lansdowne. 2009.
  2. Pizzey, A. Accounting and finance: a firm foundation, London. Continuum, 2001.
  3. Simanonvsky, S. Accounting for beginners, Grandville. Global Finance School, 2010.
  4. Stickney, C. Financial accounting: an introduction to concepts, methods, and uses, 2010.
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