Personal and community health


Topic Four

Contraception is a method that is used to prevent pregnancy. It is a birth control method that many people use to avoid unwanted pregnancies (Raine 374). My idea about contraception is that it should be a shared responsibility between two partners in a relationship. Equal participation of the partners ensures that there is a well-thought agreement on the contraception method which is going to be adopted. It also ensures that all the partners are accountable and responsible for the consequences that are likely to be faced due to the use of the particular contraception (Raine 379). I have learned that sharing contraception responsibilities makes a relationship more stable because all the parties involved are satisfied with the decision. I have learned my ideas from friends, teachers, family members and the internet.

I believe that contraception should be a subject discussed and agreed upon by the partners. I have learned this from married couples who are my friends. In the modern society, kids learn about conception from their parents, friends and the internet. They are also taught at schools and in religious settings. Unwanted pregnancies can be prevented through effective understanding of the contraceptive methods and their effects and by abstaining. Schools should actually teach sex education to educate students on human sexuality and how to address issues related to deal with safe sex, contraceptives, relationships, abstinence and sexual activities (Raine 376-380). My religion emphasizes on abstinence until marriage, but this does not change my views on contraceptives. I believe that they should be used to prevent unwanted pregnancies among young people in the society.

Topic Five

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome risk factors include blood transfusion whereby the blood has not been screened well for the disease. Unsafe sex, sharing of needles, drug abuse and alcoholism are also risk factors which can make one contract the disease. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome leads to death. This has made many children orphans as well as subjecting them to poverty. It also leads to financial implications in the families with an infected person. It also places the future of children or family members at risk (Whiteside 55). I believe I am not at risk of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome because I am well conversant with the prevention measures. I am also careful with my behaviors, especially about sexual activities. I have increased my prevention measures against this disease. I also go for a checkup from time to time to ensure that I keep a good health record.

I ensure that I do not involve myself in drugs abuse or alcoholism, which can expose me to activities that can make me contract the disease. I also ensure that I do not share needles or accept blood that has not been effectively screened. I have learned that HIV/AIDs is a disease that is passed from one person to the other through blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, fluids from the vagina and breast milk of an infected person to a person who is not infected. Many people are at risk of contracting the disease if the indulge in unsafe sex, share needles, blood or drugs as well as other ways which promote an exchange of fluids (Whiteside 1).

Topic Six

Smoking is the process in which a specific substance is burned, and then the smoke is inhaled to be absorbed into the blood stream of the smoker. A non-smoker can also inhale the smoke and absorb it in their bloodstream if there is a close contact with a smoker. The best way to protect me against secondhand smoke is through effective avoidance of smokers, areas where smoking takes place and factors that push people to smoke (Naeem 5). I can also prevent it by ensuring that I put “no smoking signs” in my home and environment. I feel that tobacco use should be limited to specific areas to avoid affecting non-smokers. It should also be discouraged because it has harmful effects on the health of the smokers. This can prevent exposure to secondhand smoke (Naeem 5; Sahas et al. 79).

The individual rights of smokers at the workplace are not denied. The constitution outlines well that smokers are restricted to smoking in specific areas, and therefore it is necessary to prevent smoking in the public workplace. This ensures that non-smokers are not affected by the smoke which is burned and inhaled in the bloodstream (Sahas et al. 77-78). Being a non-smoker, I relate well to my friends who smoke, but I have set my personal rules that require that they do not smoke while they are close to me. I also avoid their smoking areas. I also advise them to train themselves on how to stop and avoid smoking. I have interacted with neighbors and friends who have lost family members from smoking. However, I have not lost any family member or friend who has died from tobacco smoking.

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  1. Saha, S., Bhalla, D., Whayne, T & Gairola, C. “Cigarette Smoke and Adverse Health Effects: An Overview of Research Trends and Future Needs.” The International Journal of Angiology : Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc. 16.3(2007): 77–83. Print.
  2. Naeem, Zahid. “Second-Hand Smoke – Ignored Implications.” International Journal of Health Sciences 9.2(2015): 5–6 Print.
  3. Raine, T., Gard, J., Boyer, C., Brown., B., Hernadez, A & Harper, C. “Contraceptive Decision-Making in Sexual Relationships: Young Men’s Experiences, Attitudes, and Values.” Culture, health & sexuality 12.4(2010): 373–386.
  4. Whiteside, Alan. HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
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