30 Geography Essay Topics

Updated: January 30, 2023

Finding a captivating topic for your essay may ease a daunting task, considering how essential it is in determining the flow of the paper. It serves as the framework for all your discussions and arguments. A weak topic will transfer to a poor essay. In this article, you will find some of the topics you can base your essay on.

How to Select the Best Geography Essay Topic?

Selecting your essay’s topic is as important as how you present your arguments depends on it. It is because everything encompassing your content will be wholly based on the issue chosen.

  • Select a topic which you are well-versed with the subject matter. It is an essential consideration, picking an area in which you can eloquently and adequately demonstrate competency in terms of content mastery.
  • Pick a hot topic, one that will capture the interest and attention of your readers. Usually, you can find diverse opinions expressed by different people regarding such a problem. That way, you will have numerous ideas to discuss in your essay. Otherwise, you are likely to run out of points, resulting in the vagueness of your paper.
  • Pick a topic to which you have access to research materials. It wouldn’t be reasonable to choose one, you not only don’t know what to write but also lack the essential sources to obtain ideas from. On this note, pick issues on which research has previously been conducted.

Read more: How to Write a Good Geography Essay


List of Geography Essay Topics

Below is a list of topics you can pick for your geography essay assignment. It is essential that you carry out extensive research before you embark on writing to obtain enough points to support your thesis in a detailed manner.

  • Weather processes and hazards
  • Glacial processes and landforms
  • Tectonic processes and hazards
  • Environmental management
  • Food security
  • Environmental and economic effects of mining: oil and gas exploration
  • Human influence on climate change
  • Tropical fish harvesting and its impact on marine life
  • Factors and indicators that influence urban development
  • Areas prone to erosion and outline mitigation measures
  • Geomorphological changes in badland places
  • Impact of volcanic activity on soil fertility
  • Fishing in Japan: lessons of the Japanese fishing industry
  • The plate tectonic theory: movement of the continental plates
  • Coastal erosion, its characteristics, and resultant features
  • Earthquakes and their occurrence
  • Urban change and growth: Influence of the physical geography is the US
  • Glacier processes and resulting landforms
  • Types of river mouths and how they are formed
  • Coastal processes and resulting landforms
  • Tectonic processes and resulting landforms
  • Uses of Geographical Information Systems
  • Environmental issues affecting food production in the US
  • Landslide-prone areas and possible mitigation measures
  • Influence of weather variables on grassland vegetation
  • Emerging trends in agriculture: milk production in the United States
  • Influence of coastal features on urban development
  • Gulley erosion and mitigation measures in West Virginia
  • Extrusive landforms resulting from vulcanicity
  • Intrusive landforms resulting from vulcanicity
  • Climate change and its influence on coastal hazards
  • Coastal landforms formation processes
  • Stages of a river and the associated landforms
  • United States’ population and economic change: the driving factors?
  • Diversification of energy resources in the US

Human Geography Essay Topics for Original Writing

  • How have environmental changes affected essential resources?
  • Discuss increases in consumption and their effect on the environment.
  • Take a look at how today’s continents formed.
  • Discuss the event of natural disasters. How do areas prepare?
  • How has agriculture changed with weather patterns?
  • Analyze the production of milk and meat in the United States.
  • What kinds of energy resources are there in the United States? Which accounts for a majority of consumption?
  • How has climate change affected the fertility of land?
  • Discuss urban development and how it’s changed natural resources.
  • Is the world overpopulated? How can countries resolve this issue?

Geography Essay Questions Examples

The level of complexity of questions varies depending on the area being tested. Following are sample questions you might come across.

  • What are the cause, effects, and remedies of desertification?
  • What human factors are contributing to global warming?
  • Causes of water pollution and its impact on marine life?
  • Which forces shape arid and semi-arid areas?
  • What are Barchans, and how are they formed?
  • How are desert landforms formed?
  • What factors promote urban growth and development?
  • Which areas are prone to earthquakes, and how they occur?
  • Why is it essential to protect ecosystems?
  • What is Vulcanicity? What are the types, causes, and associated landforms?

Geography Essay Ideas You Can Use

All innovations begin as ideas, and so do great essays. The most important thing is to build on your idea and write a captivating piece that’ll earn you the excellent grade you want. Following is a list of ideas:

  • Talk about climate change and its effect in the polar and tropical regions, as well as at the equator.
  • Discuss the influence of climate change in tropical and equatorial regions in regard to desertification.
  • Food production and security is a fascinating subject you can talk about, more so in regards to the growing population and the diminishing land for cultivation.
  • You can talk about ecosystems and how man is interfering with them.
  • Discuss how land use relates to demographic changes in regions.

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George Lynch
George Lynch
Literature, Psychology, Religion
Experience: 3+ years
I’ve been enjoying academic writing since day one in college. Today, having a full-time job, I’m still looking forward to writing essays and research papers online for others.
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