How bullying in school influences child


Bullying is described as persistent, intentional acts or behavior that takes place in relational, physical, and verbal ways when there is a control disparity. Bullying is based on the bully’s superiority complex toward the sufferer, who feels inferior to them. Bullying will continue if suitable measures are not taken to address the problem. Bullying is characterized by behaviors like verbal or even physical assault. This paper seeks to describe bullying from a psychological view and how it influences the child, his personality, education, and relations.

Psychological Description of Bullying

From a psychological viewpoint, bullying is a kind of hostile behavior wherein one person purposefully and persistently causes harm or discomfort to another. Bullying can occur via verbal abuse, physical aggression, or covert behaviors (American Psychological Association, n.d.). Bullying victims typically find it difficult to defend themselves and do little to “provoke” the bullying. Bullying is much more probable to occur when the sufferer and the abuser have varying levels of control because the victim cannot stop the bully’s behavior. Bullying actions can be overt and result in bodily harm, such as kicking or head-on combat. Bullying is among the most pervasive antisocial behaviors among teenagers and children and is a severe issue in educational settings. Every learning institution has historically struggled with bullying. Although most learning institutions in the US and other countries have anti-bullying deterrent strategies in place, it is more prevalent than any other issue.

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Influence of Bullying on A Child

The influence of bullying on youngsters is severe. Their relationships, emotional well-being, education, personality, and life outside school could all be affected. A teenager who is bullied may feel unlovable or undeserving of support. They may often feel uneasy or embarrassed. They may also struggle sleeping or eating and feel overwhelmed, unhappy, or anxious. It may be hard for some children who have encountered bullying to feel confident or secure in everything they undertake. As a result, they stop engaging in their favorite pastimes and become more reclusive, among others.

The psychological impact of bullying on a kid’s personality is terrible for both the sufferer and the attacker. A loss of confidence is among the repercussions of bullying on children and teenagers. For instance, kids frequently believe that the bully is better at a certain game than they are. They might think they are unable to participate because they lack the necessary abilities. Other areas of life may be affected by this loss of confidence. Since they do not feel positive about themselves, bullied children frequently try to isolate themselves from their pals, family, and peers (Zhang et al., 2021). When not at school, kids may spend a lot of time by themselves in their bedrooms. They may not even want to attend school. It is important to remember that bullying impacts the sufferer and the bully’s character. Youngsters who bully others are less inclined to take responsibility for their mistakes and are more prone to engage in physical and verbal altercations. Furthermore, research shows that youngsters who bully their peers are more inclined to be antisocial (Zhang et al., 2021). Significant scholastic difficulties, substance abuse issues, and a propensity for aggression are a few.

Bullying hinders a child’s ability to succeed in school. Research shows that persistent child bullying is connected to decreased academic success rates (Barrington, 2021). Investigators from UCLA monitored a selection of middle schoolers for three years after a survey was performed in 2010. They found a clear link between persistent bullying and subpar educational achievement (Barrington, 2021). According to Barrington, learners who encountered bullying regularly scored poorly academically over three years than those who did not encounter it at all or sometimes. Juvonen, a UCLA counselor, claims that bullied people typically lack the motivation to learn (Barrington, 2021). Bullied students have difficulty more in school because they are afraid of standing out. As a result, teachers frequently label those kids as indifferent learners or underachievers. As a result, these students can get less attention from their professors, which moves them further below the academic ladder at their learning institutions. According to Barrington, Juvenon analyses the research outcomes and concludes that helping underachieving kids with their schooling may be the best method to decrease bullying.

Bullying affects children’s relationships in other ways as well. Since they feel so bad about themselves, bullied kids typically try to distance themselves from their pals, household, and peers. Children may spend plenty of time alone in their bedrooms when they are not in class. As a result, their interactions with others are destroyed.


This essay has defined bullying from a psychological perspective and explained how it affects a child’s education, personality, and interpersonal relations. Bullying is the deliberate and repeated infliction of another individual’s suffering. Bullying may take the form of overt or hidden actions, hostile language, or physical violence. A child’s personality is severely damaged psychologically as a result of bullying. It also leads to a lack of confidence among children. Bullied kids are less likely to succeed in school. Poor academic performance is linked to elevated rates of persistent bullying among learners. Children’s relationships are also impacted by bullying in different ways. Bullied youngsters frequently try isolating themselves from their loved ones, peers, and classmates since they feel horrible about themselves.

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  1. American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Bullying. Retrieved July 16, 2022, from
  2. Barrington, K. (2021). How Does Bullying Affect a Student’s Academic Performance? Public School Review. Retrieved July 16, 2022, from
  3. Zhang, Y., Li, Z., Tan, Y., Zhang, X., Zhao, Q., & Chen, X. (2021). The Influence of Personality Traits on School Bullying: A Moderated Mediation Model. Frontiers in Psychology12, 650070.
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