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Force representation denotes the composition and the structure of the military service providers especially on the basis of how the various tenets of the military advance the interests of a nation. The military is organized into different services, and they work in a complementary manner with one another because of the difference in their capabilities. The force presentation concepts of the United States’ naval forces and Air force paint a picture of two outfits that are different. The difference comes in a number of aspects including the composition, alignment, and structure.
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The United States’ Air Force
The Air force is charged with a number of responsibilities including the organization, training and equipping the forces for the primary reason of meeting the objectives of national security. The elements of force presentation in the Air Force include the Air Expeditionary Force (AEF) and the Air Expeditionary Task Force (AETF) which are the primary elements. When the need for a Joint Task Force arises, the Air Expeditionary Task Force is used in presenting the forces in this particular situation. The AETF has specifications that are designed for the force and that are provided by the AEF. The design is paying attention to the operational requirements in each scenario. The Commander of Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR) is the one who is in charge of commanding AETF as well as carrying out other responsibilities within the realm of Air Force. The AETF also includes Air Operations Center (AOC) that is dealt with by the air expeditionary wings (AEW).
United States’ Naval Force
The Naval Force has great capabilities as well as limitations and exists in an interdependent setting where the other forces also play an important role. The main area of focus is the Maritime Strategy Concept. The force presentation of the Navy brings out the naval force as a transitional force to the operational chain of command as a force tailored packages. The Navy has two primary groups which are the Carrier Strike Group (CSG) and the Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG) that ensure the accomplishment of the different missions that they engage. At the center of the Navy’s concept of forward presence is the CSG and it boasts of wide range of operational capabilities.
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The guiding principle for the evaluation of the Air Force and Naval representation is based on the command of missions. The analysis looks at how the service can be useful in addressing different situations that may come up in the field. Mission command involves exercising authority and direction by the commander based on the orders of the mission. Through the commands, the force is able to act within the commander’s intent to conduct successful operations or missions. The Commander of Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR) is the one who is in charge of commanding AETF as well as carrying out other responsibilities within the realm of Air Force. The Navy has two primary groups which are the Carrier Strike Group (CSG) and the Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG) that ensure the accomplishment of the different missions that they engage. Dealing with missions also require the decentralization of the execution process since there may exist multiple threats coming from different directions that cannot be dealt with from a central chain of command. Each service has the capabilities and mechanisms to execute such an operation. The concept of AOC would blend that from the naval force depending on the disposition of the forces.
- Curtis E. LeMay Center for Doctrine Development and Education, Volume III, Command, Annex 3-30 Command and Control, 07 November 2014, 1, <Accessed on September 7, 2017 from https://doctrine.af.mil/download.jsp?filename=3-30-D53-C2-AF-Presentation-Consider.pdf>
- LeMay Center for Doctrine, “Annex 3-30. Command and Control. AETF Organization.”
- Reilly, Jeffrey. Dr. Multidomain Operations-A Subtle but a significant transition in Military Thought. Army University Press. Accessed 7 September 2017 < http://www.armyupress.army.mil/Portals/7/online-publications/documents/V-Reilly.pdf>
- The United States Naval War College, Joint Military Operations Guide Forces/Capabilities Handbook, July 2011, 3-5.