Psychological Disorders


Among the known disorders, the utmost problematic to have is schizophrenia. Schizophrenia has a biological basis since it is believed that specified genes make an individual vulnerable to the condition (Gejman, Sanders, & Duan, 2010). The disorder is associated with numerous negative impacts such as impaired psychomotor functioning and relationships with others. Patients with the bipolar disorder must cope with unpleasant symptoms, stigmatization, side effects, and low self-esteem.

There are several symptoms which are evident in most of the bipolar disorder cases. For instance, some people with the condition may get easily distracted from topics, or may have problems with sleeping. Others may develop exaggerated feelings of power, or do reckless things without thinking about the consequences. Other symptoms include hallucinations, disordered thoughts, delusions, and catatonia. Whether an individual with biological vulnerability to the disorder may experience the disorder is mainly dependent on certain psychological factors, for instance, response to stress. It also relies on social factors including if a person had been exposed to stressful situations in the past, or if they have a strong family support to their condition (Walker, Kestler, Bollini, & Hochman, 2004).

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A person suffering from schizophrenia requires a lot of support and love not only from members of the family but also society as a whole. Once a person with the condition is accepted by society, it will be easier to cope. Unfortunately, there are some societies that discriminate against people who suffer from schizophrenia, and this significantly affects their recovery process.

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  1. Gejman, P., Sanders, A., & Duan, J. (2010). The role of genetics in the etiology of schizophrenia. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 33(1), 35–66.
  2. Walker, E., Kestler, L., Bollini, A., & Hochman, K. (2004). Schizophrenia: Etiology and course. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 401–430.
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