Infant mortality and nutrition

Subject: Sociology
Type: Expository Essay
Pages: 2
Word count: 336
Topics: Africa, Food, Health, HIV, Poverty
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Most developing nations face similar challenges due to various reasons. First, the gap between the rich and the unprivileged masses has been earmarked as a significant problem whereby; the deprived that form a considerable quota of the population in these countries are unable to meet their basic need. Due to this, there is a high infant mortality rate in Egypt, India, China, and South Africa. Another notifiable similarity is that there has been a slight improvement in the health systems of these countries in the past few years due to the impact of improved technologies and socio-political interventions (Tanner & Harpham, 2014). However, there is a similar nutrition concern in all of these countries. Many people who live in poverty are affected by hunger; hence they are unable to maintain the desired nutrition and health standards. It is essential to note that the issue of poor diet plays a vital role in the upsurge of infant mortality irrespective of the efforts of their governments and other associated agencies.

HIV in South Africa

A more profound assessment divulges various contributors to the high rates of HIV in South Africa. Polygamy which is a typical cultural norm is a significant concern because it increases the chances of immorality. This is because most of the women who are married to a single man might be tempted to find other sexual patterns for more satisfaction hence, making them vulnerable to infection (Simelela et al., 2015). Poverty is also another primary contributor to the high cases of prostitution in the country propelled due to lack of financial support amongst the impoverished populace. The fact that most people are reluctant to use protective measures due to ignorance and unawareness further depicts the extent of the problem.

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  1. Simelela, N., Venter, W. F., Pillay, Y., & Barron, P. (2015). A political and social history of HIV in South Africa. Current HIV/AIDS Reports12(2), 256-261.
  2. Tanner, M., & Harpham, T. (2014). Urban health in developing countries: progress and prospects. London: Routledge.
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